Land Information Systems in the Danube Region Quality of Data & Access to the Public
Efficient land register and cadastre structures are preconditions for legal security and the prevention of corruption. In the Danube Region land register and cadastre structures have been continuously developed and/or improved during the last decades. Although constraints and legal regulations are different they are comparable. Also the used systems are similar but vary in administration and responsibilities of state bodies (public authorities, courts) involved. In some countries administration is centralized in others it is handled by regional bodies. More often licensed private firms get involved. In several countries public authorities have to certify the results of licensed surveyors in others not. Land register and cadastre is organized either as one hand system (e.g. Romania, Czech Republic and Serbia) or as separated system (e.g. Austria, Bulgaria and Croatia). In most of the countries there is a coordinated electronical exchange between land register and cadastre or they are linked technically via an integrated database.
However, there are still challenges to overcome. The quality of data and the public access to land register and cadastre have been identified as most relevant for improvement at a workshop in Vienna in October 2016. Therefore a follow up workshop within the Viennese CapaCity program was organised.
The workshop took place in Belgrade from June 12-13, 2017 and contributed to a series of activities on land register and cadastre PA 10 of the EU Strategy for the Danube Region has started in order to support and strengthen the respective capacities in the countries concerned. The workshop was carried out by the KDZ-Centre for Public Administration Research together with the Standing Conference of Towns and Municipalities of Serbia (SCTM) as host organisation and in close partnership with PA 10. In total 19 experts and representatives from the local, regional and national level of Moldova, Romania, Serbia and Austria dealing with land register, cadastre and / or open data participated in the workshop.
Based on the main findings of the October workshop in Vienna, the CapaCity workshop in Belgrade on the one hand provided recent developments of land register and cadastre structures in the Danube Region, focusing on the countries Moldova, Serbia and Romania. On the other hand input for improvement of data quality and public access to land register and cadastre were given by stressing the issues of open government and open data and their relevance for land information systems.