CUPA Workshop Vienna
The first CUPA Implementation Lab focused on both a local and a regional planning case. The local case involved a glasshouse gardening area in the south of Vienna, which was split into two parts by the metro line. It offers space for up to 6,000 apartments, yet not all the owners of the gardens are ready to sell their properties. The regional case concentrated on the heterogenic area around Alterlaa in the south of Vienna, which contains the old village core of Atzgersdorf, the river Liesing, enterprise zones and large residential blocks.
Issues concerning both the regional and local case were identified during a field visit. On a regional level, the drainage of businesses, the involvement of the existing population and the character of the area were mentioned. Therefore, the potential of the area needed to be discussed as part of a vision, taking into account housing, leisure, connectivity, jobs and a green environment that would form part of the programme.
The planning and community territory were not clear on a local level. Also, the elements of the programme as well as gaps needed to be identified. Development priorities for the glasshouse area had to be sorted out in order to create one connected community.
The questions that were relevant for the workshop were:
- How can the area be developed without having all the realties in one hand?
- Where could a school campus of 25,000 m² be located within the area?
- How can traffic problems caused by traffic jams and a lack of public transport stations be solved?
- Which functions besides living are applicable?
- How to organize the developing process?
- What could be the coherent vision linking all separate developments and involving ecology as a central pillar?
In general, the participants of the workshop recommended the elimination of motorized traffic from the village centre of Atzgersdorf and creating a pedestrian zone to improve the human scale of the area. A green spine alongside both sides of the river Liesing as well as public spaces and green areas leading to the river were also suggested. A green network including pedestrian and cycling connections could function as a comprehensive arrangement to connect the different parts of the area – including the park with the campground at Breitenfurter Straße and the area of the Erlaaer Platz (Michael-Bausback-Park). A subcentre could be created between the two existing metro stations (Erlaaer Straße and Perfektastraße), which could be used for further development of the In der Wiesen zone and of the industrial zone.
The improvement of public transport was seen as one of the most important aspects for the area. Introducing smaller bus lines or collective taxis in combination with the newly planned tramline was suggested. On a cultural level, the CUPA participants further recommended different kinds of performances and temporary or permanent installations in order to strengthen the identity of the area and to enhance its economic relevance.
On the local level, the participants of the workshop suggested facilitating slow traffic, like biking or walking, and public transport, and enhancing pedestrian and bike paths. Also, social relations should be strengthened by creating public spaces. Green zones and a green bridge (Ecoduct) were also mentioned.
A two-part process, which considers public and private interests, was suggested with regard to architecture. For the public, this includes urban quality, buildings and cultural-historical values, whereas the interests of users and landowners form the private aspect. The first phase should include the compilation of a master plan, which includes the defined aims and values and takes into account the different types of interests, the acquisition of land based on the calculations of the rough capacity per function, as well as the formation of a timetable. Another suggestion was to have a city conference on the topic of new urban values, which involves relevant Viennese professional and governmental experts and new approaches from elsewhere. In the second phase, the master plan should be adapted and operational plans need to be developed.